Kano State Health Commissioner Dr. Aminu Tsanyawa yesterday confirmed the deadly diphtheria outbreak that is believed to have killed around 25 people in the state.
Symptoms of the deadly disease include sore throat, cough, salivation, voice changes, neck swelling, irregular breathing, fever, and bad breath, among others.
The commissioner, who confirmed the outbreak, said the state’s emergency preparedness committee is currently meeting to assess the death toll, review data, and take action to face the situation.
Tsanyawa said that now the state rapid response team has been reactivated and indexed the action plan to control the spread of the deadly disease in the state.
“We have submitted a budget for this to the government right now and it has been approved,” he said.
He said low routine vaccination rates due to the spread of the disease were due to hard-to-reach areas of the state.
However, he noted that the state is ramping up routine vaccinations.
Tsanyawa said that in addition to the Murtala Muhammad Specialty Hospital designated as the isolation center, other isolation centers will be established to control the spread of the disease.
“Although we use Yargaya to isolate COVID-19, we also reserve a place to isolate people with diphtheria,” he said.
“We also now have three cases of Lassa fever in the state, with the first being in Taraba.”
“People shouldn’t panic, but if they have an unusual fever, they should go to the hospital immediately.”
5 EASY KETCHUP RECIPES TRICKS YOU HAVE TO TRY
Compiled by: Dada Aanuoluwapo
Tomato sauce is considered a very tasty condiment, as it adds sweetness and sourness to many meals. It is often used as a dipping sauce for French fries and other fried dishes, as well as a common ingredient in many recipes.
These recipes are very basic, and you can adjust the ingredients to your taste. Here are 5 ketchup recipes to try:
1. Basic ketchup recipe
Combine 1 cup tomato puree, 1/4 cup white vinegar, 1/4 cup brown sugar, 1/2 teaspoon salt, and 1/8 teaspoon ground cloves in a saucepan. Bring the mixture to a boil, then reduce the heat and simmer for 20 minutes.
2. Spicy tomato sauce recipe
Combine 1 cup tomato puree, 1/4 cup white vinegar, 1/4 cup brown sugar, 1/2 teaspoon salt, and 1/8 teaspoon ground cloves in a saucepan. Add 1/4 teaspoon cayenne pepper and 1/4 teaspoon black pepper. Bring the mixture to a boil, then reduce the heat and simmer for 20 minutes.
3. Garlic tomato sauce recipe
Combine 1 cup tomato puree, 1/4 cup white vinegar, 1/4 cup brown sugar, 1/2 teaspoon salt, and 1/8 teaspoon ground cloves in a saucepan. Add 1 clove of minced garlic and sauté for 2 minutes. Bring the mixture to a boil, then reduce the heat and simmer for 20 minutes.
4. Smoked tomato sauce recipe
Combine 1 cup tomato puree, 1/4 cup white vinegar, 1/4 cup brown sugar, 1/2 teaspoon salt, and 1/8 teaspoon ground cloves in a saucepan. Add 1/2 teaspoon of smoked paprika and sauté for 2 minutes. Bring the mixture to a boil, then reduce the heat and simmer for 20 minutes.
5. Maple Tomato Sauce Recipe
Mix 1 cup tomato puree, 1/4 cup apple cider vinegar, 1/4 cup maple syrup, 1/2 teaspoon salt, and 1/8 teaspoon ground cloves in a saucepan. Bring the mixture to a boil, then reduce the heat and simmer for 20 minutes.
Pediatricians Warn Parents Not To Treat Diphtheria At Home
Professor of Pediatrics at the Department of Pediatrics, College of Health Sciences, University of Ilorin, Kwara State, Olugbenga Mokuolu, has warned parents against treating their children for diphtheria at home.
He warns that while diphtheria is a vaccine-preventable disease, treating it at home can be dangerous and increase the risk of death.
Mokuolu, also a consultant pediatrician at the University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, says diphtheria is a very serious condition and not one that they can manage at home with over-the-counter medication.
The researcher revealed this in an interview, emphasizing that the solution to the epidemic is vaccination.
He recommends that parents ensure that their children are fully vaccinated from birth according to the national immunization schedule.
According to the Nigeria Center for Disease Control, diphtheria is a serious bacterial infection caused by a bacteria called Corynebacterium that affects an individual’s nose, throat, and sometimes skin.
The latest NCDC data shows that Nigeria has so far recorded a total of 123 diphtheria infections and 38 deaths in four federal states as of January 22. The data indicate that Kano state recorded the highest with 100 confirmed infections and 32 deaths, followed by Yobe with 17 infections and 3 deaths.
According to the NCDC, symptoms of diphtheria include fever, runny nose, sore throat, cough, red eyes (conjunctivitis), and neck swelling.
Mokuolu said, “Typically, diphtheria is one of the so-called vaccine-preventable diseases, and it is part of the routine vaccination schedule.”
“At this stage, it is only necessary to ensure that children are vaccinated according to the national program on the immunization schedule from birth.” Since the baby was six weeks old, we’ve had the diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis (DTP) vaccine given to babies whose infants were supposed to be given at six weeks, 10 weeks, and 14 weeks.
“So it’s important that we’re sticking to this vaccination schedule to protect us against the kind of disease that’s happening.”
Child health experts blame the outbreak on falling vaccination rates. “People who live in areas with poor sanitation, people who live in crowded environments, and healthcare workers who are exposed to suspected or confirmed cases two to ten days after exposure to the bacteria”
“In severe cases, a thick gray or white patch appears on the tonsils and/or back of the throat, causing difficulty breathing,” says the NCDC. The health authority says complications from diphtheria include airway obstruction, heart muscle damage, nerve damage, and kidney failure.
7 Interesting Benefits of Using Tomato as a Facial Scrub you don’t know
Compiled by: Dada Aanuoluwapo
Did you know that tomatoes can be an integral part of your daily skincare regimen if you understand how to use them properly? That’s because this succulent red fruit is packed with vitamin C and antioxidants that boost immunity and are also good for your skin health.
Want to include tomatoes in your daily skincare regimen? Read on to learn how to use it correctly.
Tomatoes have many benefits when applied to the skin. You can use tomato juice, tomato puree, and tomato paste or make a face mask by mixing tomatoes with other skin-friendly ingredients.
There are several benefits of applying tomato juice on the face. When applied regularly, tomatoes can help you get rid of dead skin cells. In fact, tomatoes contain many enzymes that act as natural exfoliates. You can also use tomatoes with sugar as a gentle facial scrub. Tomatoes contain acids but are gentle on the skin, so you can safely use them even with sensitive skin.
2. Acne Control:
Tomatoes are rich in vitamins C, A, and K. Plus, they’re acidic, which helps maintain the skin’s pH while deep cleansing. Applying tomato regularly on acne-prone skin can help prevent breakouts.
3. Oil production tracking:
If you have oily skin, applying tomato daily can control oil secretion. Cut a tomato in half and rub the slices on your face. Leave it on for 10-15 minutes and then wash it off with clean water. Do this regularly for smooth, oil-free skin.
4. Helps tighten pores:
When pores open, they attract a lot of pollutants including dirt, bacteria, etc. Tomatoes act as a natural ingredient to help tighten pores. Use a few drops of lemon juice with a teaspoon of tomato juice. Mix well and apply on the face. Leave it on for 5-10 minutes and wash it off. This will help close the pores on the skin.
5. Sunburn treatment:
Tomatoes are great for treating sunburn and removing tans. It contains an abundant amount of vitamin C and vitamin A which helps to soothe the skin and remove tan. A study has shown that tomato paste is rich in lycopene which helps prevent sunburn.
6. Soothes irritated skin:
The anti-inflammatory compounds in tomatoes are great for irritated skin. Beta-carotene, vitamin C, and vitamin E from tomatoes are the main ingredients that have a soothing effect on the skin. One study proved that tomatoes have anti-inflammatory properties that help soothe skin inflammation.
7. Reduce signs of aging:
With so much pollution, premature aging is common. Typical signs of premature aging include dark spots, dark circles, wrinkles, spots, and more. The vitamin D content in tomatoes helps to reduce the first signs of aging.
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